Woods made a record-tying 23rd straight midway cut at Augusta National on Saturday as the delayed second round was completed.
However, the 47-year-old covered the first seven holes of his third round at six over par to drop to the last of the 54 players to qualify for the last 36 holes.
A brief statement from tournament officials on Sunday read: “Due to injury, Tiger Woods has officially withdrawn from the Masters after completing seven holes of his third round.”
Woods later confirmed on social media that the injury was on the bottom of his foot.
He wrote on Twitter: “I’m disappointed to have to do WD this morning due to aggravation of my plantar fasciitis. Thank you to the fans and @TheMasters who have shown me so much love and support. Good luck to the players today!”
Woods appeared to be badly affected by soreness in his right leg as he played the 17th hole, his eighth in round three, moments before unrelenting rain caused play to be suspended.
The 15-time Grand Slam champion feared his leg would have to be amputated due to serious injuries he sustained in a car accident in Los Angeles in February 2021.
He made a notable return to action 14 months later, finishing 47th at the Masters, but withdrew from the PGA of USA after a third-round 79 and sat out the US Open before missing the cut in 150th. Open Championship at St Andrews.
Woods had enjoyed a bit of unwilling help from his friends making the cut in Augusta on Saturday, though the cold and wet weather meant that might not have been entirely welcome.
The American had seven holes of his second round to go when play resumed at 8 am and he followed up three par with a birdie at 15 to come in on the projected cutoff mark.
However, dropped shots on the 17th and 18th left Woods at three over par and needing help from elsewhere to join Gary Player (1959-82) and Fred Couples (1983-2007) in the record books.
That help came immediately when good friend Justin Thomas mishooked his tee shot on 17th and then bogeyed the hole, falling to three on himself and moving the cut to the same result before bogeying the last to miss. the cut. .
Speaking before the cut was confirmed, Woods said: “I’ve always liked this golf course and I love playing this event. Obviously I’ve missed a couple with some injuries, but I’ve always wanted to play here.
“I hope to have the opportunity to play this weekend. I would like to have the chance to play two more rounds.”